Venezuela - Spanish: Venezuela, is a country on the northern tropical Caribbean coast of South America. Venezuela borders Brazil to the south, Guyana to the east, and Colombia to the west. North of the Venezuelan coast lie the islands of Aruba, the Netherlands Antilles, and Trinidad and Tobago.
Administrative regions.The states are grouped into ten administrative regions (regiones administrativas), which were established by presidential decree. The regions are listed below along with the states:
Andean - Barinas, Mérida, Táchira, Trujillo; Páez Municipality of Apure.
Capital - Miranda, Vargas, Capital District (Caracas).
Central - Aragua, Carabobo, Cojedes.
Central-Western - Falcón, Lara, Portuguesa, Yaracuy.
Guayana - Bolívar, Amazonas, Delta Amacuro.
Insular - Nueva Esparta, Federal Dependencies.
Llanos - Apure (excluding Paez Municipality), Guárico.
North-Eastern - Anzoátegui, Monagas, Sucre.
Zulian - Zulia
Venezuela is home to a wide variety of landscapes, such as the north-easternmost extensions of the Andes mountains in the northwest and along the northern Caribbean coast, of which the highest point is the Pico Bolívar at 4,981 metres (16,341 ft).
The Angel Falls (Salto Ángel), world's highest waterfallThe center of the country is characterized by extensive plains known as the llanos that stretch from the Colombian border to the river delta of the Orinoco east. To the south are found the dissected Guiana Highlands, home to Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall, and the northern edge of Amazonia. This is a classical division, however.
The country can also be divided into nine geographical areas, some corresponding to the natural regions, one being the Andes Range. The Lake Maracaibo region comprises the lowlands near the Gulf of Venezuela. The Coro System, a mountainous block in the northern occidental territory, is the fount of several sierras and valleys. The Central Range is tied up with the coast and the hills surrounding Caracas, while the Eastern Range, separated from the Central by the Gulf of Cariaco, covers all of Sucre State and northern Monagas. The Llanos Region involves a third part of the country's area, above the Orinoco River. Under it, is the South Orinoco Region (the Guianas, above described). The Insular Region is formed by Nueva Esparta and the Federal Dependencies. The last geographical region is the Deltaic System which forms a pantanous triangle, covering Delta Amacuro, with the Atlantic platform branching off the coast.
Mt. Kukenan, in Venezuela.The Orinoco River is the largest and most important river of the country, originating one of the biggest watersheds in Latin America. Other important rivers are the Caroní and the Apure.
The local climate is tropical and generally hot and humid, though more moderate in the highlands. The capital, Caracas is also the country's largest city. Other major cities include Maracaibo, Barquisimeto, Valencia, Maracay, and Ciudad Guayana.
Venezuela is one of the seventeen megadiverse countries, for the great number of animal and vegetable species that habitate there.
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